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Millican Nurseries, LLC


COVID-19 Update

Our Chichester sales yard is open on a limited basis. To provide as safe an environment as possible for our customers and employees, we ask that you read and understand the following policies and procedures.

Phase 1

All visits to the nursery are by appointment only. Appointments can be made by calling the main office or through your sales person. The nursery will be open for touring Tuesday through Friday each week. There will be a limit of 3 customers per hour on the hour starting at 9AM, and the last appointments are 3pm. You may tour the nursery as long as you would like once admitted. Visiting hours close at 5pm, we ask that all visitors be back at the office no later than 4:45pm.  Please note: There will be no opportunity to take plant material the day of the visit. Pick up or delivery will be scheduled for another day, unless previous arrangements have been made.
Prior to your scheduled visit we ask that you must provide a list of the plants you are interested in viewing or tagging. This may be done via email or phone. Please provide this information 24 hours in advance of your scheduled visit.
Upon arriving at the nursery, we ask that you park in the customer parking area. Please do not park in the employee lot which is the one located across the front, parallel to Pleasant Street. Visitor parking is on the left in front of the black fence as you pull in the upper driveway next the Millican Nurseries sign.
Once here, please stay in your vehicle and call the office at (603) 435-6660. A customer service representative will invite you to the tagging window as soon as it is clear. We can service only one client at a time at the window. At the window you will be provided a nursery map, list of plant locations and tagging materials. A phone number will also be provided to answer any of your questions while at the nursery. Should you have any questions during your visit or need assistance this number will be monitored by a Millican sales person. You will be then free to walk the nursery. We will not include transportation or a guide. You will be on foot. Please keep in mind that we have 85 acres on a hillside, so wear appropriate clothing and footwear. There will be a buggy on standby for emergency situations. Stay clear of any equipment in operation and at no time are visitors permitted into the loading docks. Adherence to safety rules and social distancing will determine Millican Nurseries continuing to allow visitors. All un-vaccinated visitors must wear face coverings or masks when interacting with any staff. You may remove your mask once you are out in the nursery on your own. Millican Nurseries reserves the right to close visiting at any time without notice. It is recommended you bring bottled water for you visit.
Upon completion of your tour please return to the tagging window and call the office number and inform us that you have completed your visit. Please be prepared to provide any pick up or delivery information.
Your tagging list will be processed and a sales order generated, which will be sent to you for review. Pick up will be scheduled a minimum of 24 hours from your visit. Deliveries will be scheduled a minimum of 48 from you visit.

The Millican Nurseries team would like to thank you in advance for both your patronage and working with us to keep everone safe and healthy.


COVID-19 Guidelines


The green industry is very hands-on. We like to get down in the dirt and get things done. As we deal with COVID-19 our hands-on approach is being challenged. Communication, cooperation, and social distancing are necessary. Please adhere to the following guidelines as we attempt to keep everyone safe and healthy.


Ordering and Plant Selection
Communication, cooperation, and social distancing are necessary when ordering plant material. Until further notice, all orders must be placed via email, fax or phone. 

To aid in maintaining social distancing credit card payments in advance are preferred. 

Though order pick up is allowed, shopping trips are not. Selection of plant material for your order will be done solely by our skilled and experienced staff.

We will continue to provide photos of plant material as requested or necessary. Photos are restricted to B&B material and containers larger than #10.


Ordering Plant Material to be Picked Up
Please email, fax or call your order in at least 24 hours in advance of when you need to pick up your material.

Contact us to schedule a pickup time.

Your order will be brought to our customer loading area. 

Any material that requires tying will be tied prior to your arrival.

Communication, cooperation, and social distancing are necessary on pickup day. When you arrive for your scheduled pickup time call our office at 603-435-6660. We will inform you if you should come directly to the service window or wait in your vehicle until we call you back.

All exchanges of paperwork will happen at a safe distance through the service window.

We will let you know if you should drive directly to our customer loading area or if you need to return to your vehicle to wait for our call.

After you arrive at customer loading you may leave your vehicle to inspect the material on your order while practicing social distancing.

Please place your tarp(s) and strap(s) on the back of your truck or trailer and return to your vehicle.

We will inform you when your order is loaded, secured and tarped.

Exit the customer loading area. Once through the gate, while continuing to practice social distancing, you may exit your vehicle to inspect securement and tarping of your order. We encourage you to bring extra rope and straps for securement.


Ordering Plant Material to be Delivered
Please email, fax or call your order in at least 72 hours in advance of when you need the plant material delivered.

Contact us to schedule a delivery date.

Communication, cooperation, and social distancing are necessary on delivery day. When our truck arrives please assist the driver with removing and folding the tarp if requested. 

Drivers will loosen or remove straps on sideboards and rootballs.

Please have appropriate staffing and equipment on hand to unload your order. Our drivers will not assist with unloading of plant material.

When unloading is complete, please reinstall any removed sideboards, place folded tarp onto truck or trailer deck and inform the driver. 

A copy of your invoice will be provided for you to sign.

Securement of the tarp or sideboards will be completed by the driver.


*All guidelines are subject to change without notice to remain safe and healthy throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.



What set Millican apart from the competition:

Unique Plants / Diverse Choice

If there is perhaps one thing that would set aside Millican Nurseries from the competition it is the wide selection of plants one can expect to find. Genus, species, variety and cultivar -there are over 2000 to be found in our yard. Choice and selection do not stop there. Caliper, height, form, B&B or container- are all variants addressed in our inventory. Beginning in late summer Millican buyers travel throughout the country hand picking next years' stock. Bringing in the best of the best from top growers across the country is the Millican goal. Great choice and quality are always at heart of Millican's business but having the quantity of plants to fulfill our clients’ needs is equally important. Many trees can only be successfully dug in spring and by mid- summer many nurseries sell out of the most popular trees. Millican has the acreage and infrastructure to carry the inventory to meet the demands of the fall planting season. Thirty plus years of history and one of the largest drip irrigation systems in New England allows us to offer healthy stock the entirety of the season. Come visit and see!

Millican Overhead


The order of things

When you make a living off of nature, there is a certain order you must follow in order to keep your business as profitable as possible. We are often asked questions like: “When will the fruit trees be in?” or “When do you anticipate the arrival of white pines?” This is a general timeline of what arrives when.

Most large wholesale growers grow everything they can; deciduous trees and shrubs, evergreen trees and shrubs, and container shrubs and perennials. Deciduous plants being field dug in ball and burlap must be harvested first. They need to be dug before the leaves emerge. From March 1st through most of April our deciduous plants arrive. Once the leaves have emerged, the harvest window for them is closed and it’s time to move on. The next step is to dig evergreen trees and shrubs. The second half of April and all of May we unload one evergreen truck after another. They can be dug until their new growth emerges in June. Large Rhododendron and Kalmia arrive in late May and June as well. Once the harvest times have closed for digging field plants, it’s time to concentrate on container plants, which can be shipped continually. Container shrubs arrive in May, June, and can be continually restocked throughout the season. Perennials arrive in mid May with new shipments regularly arriving every two weeks until fall.



How to reduce populations of viburnum leaf beetle in your landscape

Viburnum Leaf Beetle (VLB) is native to Europe and Asia. Its introduction to North America occurred in Montreal in the late 1940's and the population has been slowly moving south since then. They have become well-established in our forests, so completely eliminating them isn't going to happen anytime soon, but a well-timed shearing will do wonders to reduce the populations on the plants in your landscape.

In late summer to early fall, adult beetles chew rows of small craters in the tender stems from the past season's growth. In each crater they lay 6 or so eggs, then cover them with a cap made from chewed bark and excrement. Each adult beetle can lay up to 500 eggs, so the population can get out of control very quickly without proper management. The hatched larvae can quickly defoliate your plants and if this occurrs for a few seasons in a row, your Viburnums may perish.

After the eggs are layed in October and before they hatch in May is the time to go on the offensive. Most egg-laying sites are located on the outer 6-8" of the plant. Shearing off this outer growth will go a long way in removing the majority of the of these thousands of leaf-chewing critters. Make sure you dispose of the clippings either by burning them or sending them to the landfill as composting them may not prevent the eggs from hatching.

More VLB's will come back in the future, but if you save your Viburnum pruning for late fall or early spring, then you will have fewer insects and more leaves to show for it!

VLB Eggs

Additional Reading:


Shortages, shortages, shortages

We’ve all been hearing it for a couple of years now, and each season it becomes more and more apparent. There have been many shortages as a result of the recession -that we know- we have seen the effects. Last year business suddenly picked up; many growers did not anticipate that. To keep up with the sales momentum, many nurseries had to dip into the plants that were slated for this year’s inventory. As a result, supplies of everything are a bit tight this year.
There is still plenty of construction on the books. All these projects will need plant material to wrap them up. Those who place their orders early will get the plants they need to fulfill their contractual obligations. Those who wait until the last minute will be subject to limited availabilities and will have to be flexible on receiving substitutions in order to have anything to put into the ground. This year, the old cliché “You snooze, you lose” will be more real than ever!


Why is fall the best time to plant a new tree?

                Most people think that the hardest season for a tree is the winter, but that’s not true. The tree is dormant in winter, so doesn’t care what’s going on around it. The most stressful time for a tree is the summer. Lack of water during summer dry spells is the biggest limiting factor in a plant’s growth. In order to battle the lack of water, a tree needs a good root system that can seek out water in the soil when the sky isn’t supplying it.
                Root growth occurs most in spring and fall with warm days and cool nights. By planting in the spring, you get one round of root growth before the tree has to deal with all the stresses of summer. When you plant in fall, you get two rounds of root growth before the heat of summer sets in. By planting in fall, you ensure that the root system is twice as strong as it would be if you had planted in spring. That’s why fall is the best time to plant.
                There is one catch though: availability of trees in fall is much lower than they are in spring. So fall is the best time to plant, but spring is the best time to get exactly what you want. Fall planting requires flexibility in plant options. If you can be flexible on what you want, then you will have a healthier tree to show for it come next summer. Our sales staff would be happy to help you find other options that fit your wants and needs in a tree. Happy planting!!

Cercis Forest Pansy               Ginkgo Autumn Gold               Acer palmatum Mikawa Yatsubusa


The life of an evergreen

Ever wonder how cones form on an evergreen tree? Here's a little peek into the life cycle of a conifer cone. These photos are of the cones on Abies koreana 'Horstman's Silberlocke', but any needled evergreen tree will have similar structures.

Each evergreen tree produces two different types of cones -male cones and female cones. The bottom portion of the tree produces male cones, while the upper portion of the plant produces female cones. This reduces the chances of the tree pollinating itself which isn't exactly bad, but if trees continually pollinate themselves, then genetic deficiencies will eventually become apparent.

Male Cones

Male cones, like those pictured above, produce pollen and then fall of the tree shortly after. They typically are colored pink to red depending on the species. The pollen is blown by spring winds from these male cones on the lower portion of the tree to the upper portion of a neighboring tree. There the pollen settles on the sticky surfaces of the female cones like those pictured below. Female cones are typically green or pink to purple.

Female cones

Each scale of the cone can produce two small, winged seeds (similar in appearance to a Maple samara, commonly called a "helicopter") if adequately pollinated. Once mature, in anywhere from 3 months to 3 years depending on the type of tree, the cone scales open up exposing the seeds to be blown away by the wind to settle on the ground and produce a new tree.

Mature cone

Generally, people don't think about evergreens as having flowers, but when these cone structures are in peak production in spring, they can be very colorful and eye-catching, even if only for a brief period of the growing season.

Female Cone Weeping Norway Spruce
Picea abies 'Pendula' Female Cones

Oriental Spruce Male Cones
Picea orientalis 'Gowdy' Male Cones

Bergman Japanese White Pine Male Cones
Pinus parviflora 'Bergmani' Male Cones

Many Pine trees have evolved to use fire to open the cones and expose the seeds. Our native Pitch Pine as well as Ponderosa Pine in the Western US are the two most well-known trees to take advantage of fire as a means of promoting reproduction.


Popular plants are in short supply

The talk around the industry lately has been about shortages - these shortages don't apply only to trees, but to B&B and container shrubs as well. There are a number of factors that are coming into play here.

1) Recession Impacts
a) Depending on the tree species, it takes between 5 and 10 years to grow a typical landscape-sized tree of 2-3" caliper. In 2008 when the market crashed, growers were suddenly selling less trees out of their fields, which meant there was less available space to re-plant new trees. This trend continued for the next few years, meaning we are looking at about 3-5 years before 2-3" trees will be readily available again.
b) There were many nurseries that failed during what is now being called The Great Recession. Fewer people growing plants means fewer plants available in the marketplace.

2) Hurricane Sandy Impacts
With the near total demolition of a major portion of the Atlantic coastline, the demand for native plant material to re-vegetate and prevent further erosion has skyrocketed. Much of the last couple years crops of plants such as Ilex glabra (Inkberry), Prunus maritima (Beach Plum), Comptonia peregrina (Sweetfern) and Clethra alnifolia (Summersweet) to name a few have been earmarked for the rebuilding effort. More plants headed to the Jersey shore means fewer plants headed to our New England landscapes.

3) Invasive Insect Impacts
The two biggest culprits here are Asian Longhorn Beetle and Emerald Ash Borer. While the first hasn't been detected in NH yet, it has caused significant damage at nurseries throughout the US reducing tree inventories. Emerald Ash Borer is here. Anyone who is still drawing Ashes into their designs in New England will have to come up with alternatives due to federal quarantines.

4) Other Environmental Impacts
The environment is constantly changing, and those changes often impact our plant crops. For the past few years we have had extraordinarily extreme fluctuations, particularly in relation to rainfall. It seems we are either in and unseasonable drought or absolutely saturated. These conditions have allowed for some diseases, which are normally minimal, to be compounded. There are a few needle cast blights that are adversely effecting evergreens, especially two-needled pines (like Austrian Pine), and spruces (Norway and Blue Spruce). Some growers have had abundant crop failures thus reducing the availability of some of America's most popular evergreens.


In the past, anyone could just put a plant in a design or on a list, and worry about finding it later when it comes time to install. These days it will be necessary to check with your supplier of the plant in question to make sure it will be available when you need it. Get us your lists as soon as you can, so we can secure material and make substitution recommendations if necessary. That's where the flexibility part comes into play.
If the plant on your plan isn't available at the time of installation, a substitution will be required. Our sales staff are experts at the plants we sell, and are always happy to recommend alternatives that will enhance your design and perform well in your particular location. Make sure your clients are aware that these last minute substitutions will be more necessary in the following years than ever before. We would recommend being as vague as your clients will allow you to be when designing their landscape. Specify "Shade Tree TBD" on your design rather than "Red Sunset Maple 2-2.5 caliper". The best thing to do is to find out what your client doesn't like, and find an available tree in your price range that avoids these dislikes.
Our sales staff is always here to help you, and together we can get through these difficult years. There is good news, though, and that is shortages often mean a greater demand. Demand for trees and shrubs are on the rise again ....FINALLY!

Red Sunset Maple Blue SpruceSummersweetBeach Plum


Proper siting of broadleaf evergreens

We have taken many calls recently regarding winter injury to broadleaf evergreens like Kalmia (Mountain Laurel) and Rhododendrons. Here are a few helpful hints to prevent this from happening to your plants.

In winter, the jet stream pulls cold, dry, arctic air in from Canada. These winds come from the northwest. Make sure broadleaf evergreens are sheltered from these brutal winds. They dry out the leaves, and the frozen ground prevents the plants from replacing the water that has been lost.

The sun is closest to the earth during our winter months. This means the sunlight we do receive in winter is more intense than in the summer months. Broadleaf evergreen leaves can be scorched by afternoon sun. In the perfect scenario, they would receive full morning sun, and afternoon shade ...which can only be provided by evergreens or buildings in winter. Keep in mind when planting these beautiful shrubs in summer that deciduous leaves will be gone in winter and what may be a shady spot during the growing season, may be in full blazing sun all winter.

In most cases, as long as the stems have not dried out, the brown leaves will fall off and the plants will leaf out again. Rhododendrons can be completely defoliated by leaf scorch, but have their buds unaffected. Many times the large flower buds may dry up and fall off, but the smaller leaf buds remain in tact. Give your plants a little time to recover after a severe winter, and they may surprise you with their resiliency.

Minuet Mountain LaurelRhododendron Cunningham's White

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